难度： 0.65 | 2020·湖南衡阳师范学院祁东附属中学月考 1. Why is pink or purple a color for girls and blue or brown for boys?
The answer depends largely on cultural values as well as personal experiences. To the Egyptians, green was a color that represented the hope and joy of spring, while for Muslims, it means heaven. Red is a symbol (象征) of good luck in many cultures. In China, children are given money in a red envelope to bring good fortune in the New Year. For many nations, blue is a symbol of protection and religious beliefs. Greek people often wear a blue necklace hoping to protect themselves against evils (灾祸).
People’s choice of colors is also influenced by their bodies’ reactions (反应) toward them. Green is said to be the most restful color. It has the ability to reduce pain and relax people both mentally and physically. People who work in green environment have been found to have fewer stomach aches.
Red can cause a person’s blood pressure to rise and increase people’s appetites (食欲). Many decorators will include different shades of red in the restaurant. Similarly, many commercial websites will have a red “Buy Now” button because red is a color that easily catches a person’s eye.
Blue is another calming color. Unlike red, blue can cause people to lose appetite. So if you want to eat less, some suggest that eating from blue plates can help.
The next time you are deciding on what to wear or what color to decorate your room, think about the color carefully.
【小题1】Muslims regard green as a symbol of heaven mainly because of their______.
|A．cultural values||B．commercial purposes|
|C．personal experiences||D．physical reactions to the color|
【小题2】Why will many commercial websites have a red “Buy Now” button?
|A．To relax people physically.|
|B．To increase people’s appetites.|
|C．To encourage people to make a purchase.|
|D．To cause a person’s blood pressure to rise.|
【小题3】What color might help lose weight according to the text?
【小题4】Which of the following would be the most proper title for the text?
|A．Colors and Human Beings|
|B．The Cultural Meaning of Color|
|C．The Meaning and Function of Color|
|D．Colors and Personal Experiences|
2. Grown-ups are often surprised by how well they remember something they learned as children but have never practiced ever since. A man who has not had a chance to go swimming for years can still swim as well as ever when he gets back in the water. He can get on a bicycle after many years and still ride away. He can play, catch and hit a ball as well as his son. A mother who has not thought about the words for years can teach her daughter the poem that begins “Twinkle, twinkle, little star” or remember the story of Cinderella or Goldilocks and the Three Bears.
One explanation is the law of overlearning, which can be stated as follows: Once we have learned something, extra learning trials (尝试) increase the length of time we will remember it.
In childhood we usually continue to practice such skills as swimming, bicycle riding, and playing baseball long after we have learned them. We continue to listen to and remind ourselves of words such as “Twinkle, twinkle, little star” and childhood tales such as Cinderella and Goldilocks. We not only learn but overlearn.
The multiplication tables (乘法口诀表) are an exception (例外) to the general rule that we forget rather quickly the things that we learn in school, because they are another of the things we overlearn in childhood.
The law of overlearning explains why cramming (突击学习) for an examination, though it may result in a passing grade, is not a satisfactory way to learn a college course. By cramming, a student may learn the subject well enough to get by on the examination, but he is likely soon to forget almost everything he learned. A little overlearning, on the other hand, is really necessary for one’s future development.
【小题1】What is the main idea of Paragraph 1?
|A．People remember well what they learned in childhood.|
|B．Children have a better memory than grown-ups.|
|C．Poem reading is a good way to learn words.|
|D．Stories for children are easy to remember.|
【小题2】The author explains the law of overlearning by ________.
|A．presenting research findings|
|B．setting down general rules|
|C．making a comparison|
【小题3】What does the word “they” in Paragraph 4 refer to?
|A．Commonly accepted rules.|
|B．The multiplication tables.|
|C．Things easily forgotten.|
【小题4】What is the author’s opinion on cramming?
|A．It’s helpful only in a limited way.|
|B．It leads to failure in college exams.|
|C．It’s possible to result in poor memory.|
|D．It increases students’ learning interest.|
3. Britain was a rich country a hundred and fifty years ago. There were a few very rich people who received money from land or investment (投资), and did not need to work. They used to have large numbers of servants to look after them. There were also many middle-class people, who worked as businessmen or as doctors or lawyers. They usually had several servants to clean their houses and cook their meals. But there were also many poor people, and there was a big gap between the rich and the poor. The poor had very difficult lives. Many worked as servants. They used to be paid little, and they had to work long hours. But at least they lived in a warm house and were well fed.
Those who worked in factories were often less lucky. They used to work many hours a day, in dangerous and unhealthy conditions. But, even so, they did not use earn enough to feed their families. They often lived in slums (贫民窟) which were built cheaply by the factory owners. The worst paid people were those who worked on the farms. At certain times of the year, they did not use to earn anything because there was no work for them to do.
Life for the poor was not always bad. There were kind farmers and factory owners who helped their workers. And many people cared for the poor. One of them was Charles Dickens, the famous British writer. When he was young, his family was always short of money. His father was a clerk, who used to spend more than he earned. When Dickens was eleven, his father was sent to prison; and Dickens had to work in a factory. At this time, very young children used to work in factories and mines(矿), and clean chimneys.
【小题1】According to the passage, lawyers were middle-class people who ________.
|A．used to be paid little||B．used to have large numbers of servants|
|C．used to have several servants||D．worked in dangerous and unhealthy conditions|
【小题2】Sometimes people working on the farm could not find work to do because _________.
|A．it was not a busy season||B．they were lazy|
|C．they could not work hard||D．they asked for high pay|
【小题3】The reason why Dickens’ father was put into prison is ________.
|A．that he stole things from a shop or a factory|
|B．not mentioned in the passage|
|C．that he made much money|
|D．that he was accused (指控) of killing|