难度： 0.85 | 2020·三门峡市第一高级中学月考 典型
1. Do you know how children in other countries spend their schooldays and what kind of games they always play?
Children in Brazil
|School||The school year runs from February to December. Children attend (上学) school for about four hours in the morning or the afternoon. About a quarter of children in Brazil do not attend school at all.|
|Play||Football is the most popular sport. Brazil’s beautiful beaches also make swimming and volleyball popular.|
|Family||Brazilian families are often large. Nearly a third of the population is under eighteen!|
Children in France
|School||The school day begins from 8:00 am to 4:00 pm, with a two-hour lunch break. Schools close on Wednesday and Sunday, and are closed for a half day on Saturday.|
|Play||Football, bicycling and tennis are favorite sports in France. In some areas, pelote, a traditional ball game, is also very popular.|
|Family||Most French mothers work. The majority of preschool (幼儿园) children attend day care centres known as crèches.
France has laws about naming children and all names have to be chosen from an official list.
Children in Japan
|School||Schools in Japan are very competitive (竞争的). Even pre-schoolers may attend “cramming (填鸭式教学的) schools” to prepare for exams. There is a summer break about six weeks, but the children have homework during this time.|
|Play||Comic books have been popular in Japan since the 1700s. Comics now account for about 40% of all published materials in Japan. Kite flying is enjoyed by people of every age.|
|Family||Homes in Japan are small on average. The typical family of four lives in five small rooms. Most fathers in Japan work long hours. As a result, some children only see their fathers on weekends or holidays.|
【小题1】What kind of sport is very popular in France?
① Kite flying. ② Bicycling. ③ Football. ④ Pelote.
【小题2】What is a crèche in France?
|A．Places with beautiful beaches.|
|B．The name of the place where French mothers work.|
|C．A day care centre for preschool children.|
|D．Cramming schools to improve children’s exam results.|
【小题3】In Japan, many children ________.
|A．like to read comic books||B．write their names on an official list|
|C．only see their fathers on weekdays||D．do not attend school|
2. I was never very neat, while my roommate Kate was extremely organized. Each of her objects had its place, but mine always hid somewhere. She even labeled (贴标签) everything. I always looked for everything. Over time, Kate got neater and I got messier. She would push my dirty clothing over, and I would lay my books on her tidy desk. We both got tired of each other.
War broke out one evening. Kate came into the room. Soon, I heard her screaming, “Take your shoes away! Why under my bed!” Deafened, I saw my shoes flying at me. I jumped to my feet and started yelling. She yelled back louder.
The room was filled with anger. We could not have stayed together for a single minute but for a phone call. Kate answered it. From her end of the conversation, I could tell right away her grandma was seriously ill. When she hung up, she quickly crawled under her covers, sobbing. Obviously, that was something she should not go through phone. All of a sudden, a warm feeling of sympathy rose up in my heart.
Slowly, I collected the pencils, took back the books, made my bed, cleaned the socks and swept the floor, even on her side. I got so into my work that I even didn't notice Kate had sat up. She was watching, her tears dried and her expression one of disbelief. Then, she reached out her hands to grasp mine. I looked up into her eyes. She smiled at me, “Thanks.”
Kate and I stayed roommates for the rest of the year. We didn't always agree, but we learned the key to living together: giving in, cleaning up and holding on.
【小题1】What made Kate angry one evening?
|A．She couldn’t find her books.|
|B．She heard the author shouting loud.|
|C．She got the news that her grandma was ill.|
|D．She saw the author's shoes beneath her bed.|
【小题2】The author tidied up the room most probably because _______.
|A．she hated herself for being so messy|
|B．she was asked by Kate to do so|
|C．she was scared by Kate’s anger|
|D．she wanted to show her care|
【小题3】How is Paragraph 1 mainly developed?
|A．By analyzing causes.|
|B．By describing a process.|
|C．By showing differences.|
|D．By following time order.|
【小题4】What might be the best title for the story?
|A．My Friend Kate|
|B．Hard Work Pays Off|
|C．How to Be Organized|
|D．Learning to Be Roommates|
3. Having friends may well keep you healthier and help you deal with stress better. Some studies show that people with close friends have a greater ability to fight disease than people who are alone.
Place friendship in the first place. Find the time to be with friends even if it means letting the lawn(草坪) go unmowed(未割的) or the dishes unwashed for a while. When you can’t get together, use the phone to keep in touch.
Open up to close friends. Keeping a deep friendship requires a level of “heartfelt” intimacy (亲密).Don’t be afraid to express your inner fears and disappointments. Listen to your friends when they have problems，but offer advice only when it’s wanted. Help raise friends’ self-esteem(自尊) when they are sad about a job loss, or other such events.
Have different friends for different activities, such as going to the movies，singing in a choir，and joining in a bowling league.
Don’t wait for a friend to ask for helps. When a friend has the flu，offer to go to the store or drive his or her children to their afterschool activities.
Never take a friendship for granted. Like a good marriage，friendship needs care and patience. Become a joiner. Find a group that matches your interests.
Talk to strangers. Conversations started in museums, laundry rooms，or bookstores can lead to firm friendship.
Enroll in an adult education course. A classroom is an ideal place to meet others with similar interests.
【小题1】People who are alone have a ability to fight disease than people with close friends.
【小题2】According to the passage, when had you better offer advice to your friends?
|A．At any moment.||B．Only when they are happy.|
|C．Only when they want it.||D．Only when you are glad.|
【小题3】What does the underlined word “Enroll” in the last paragraph mean?
【小题4】Which of the statements is TRUE according to the passage?
|A．You should have different friends for the same activities.|
|B．You should wait for a friend to ask a favor.|
|C．You should take a friendship for granted.|
|D．You should talk with strangers in museums, laundry rooms, or bookstores in order to improve friendship.|